Author: Talivaldis Kronbergs
It would seem that you must choose a far and unknown destination, as well as a distant and inviting century for a journey in time. However, it could also be interesting to look at a time, which on the grand scale would seem like it was almost yesterday.
The year 1989 was a turning point of new initiatives and a renaissance of
Possibly, in 2019 it might seem that the Latvian Medical Association publishing the journal “Latvijas ārsts” (“The doctor of Latvia”) in 1989 was obvious. The Latvian Medical Association was founded in 1988 – the same year that the Popular Front of Latvia was founded and the Latvian Olympic committee was renewed. From this perspective, it
However, the imagined
No.1 – beginning and presentation
30 years ago, as well as today, publishing a new issue in any field was and remains a challenge. First, the content – what to say and to whom, and then – how to fit a frame around it? Technical opportunities, design, the combination of ideas and practical possibilities; finally, and at the same time most importantly – money and logistics. In 2019, the first thing on this list could be the competing journals or niche market. In 1989, it was not yet necessary to think about it this way, because the audience of the journal “Health”, which came out at the time, was “the whole nation.”
The very name of the journal “Latvijas ārsts” defined the target audience – doctors, medical professionals. Of course, there was an indirect connection to the ideological setting of the time or “
“[…] The doctors’ journal has restarted its course at a turning point, at a time of great reevaluation of the values and foundations of life, when the history of the nation and land is being cleaned from the mud. Our journal must be the focal point – a place that shows the path to true restoring, cleansing and perfecting of our health protection, medical education, medical ethics, and our moral standards. When necessary (and it will be quite often), this might require the most radical transformations. It will not be easy to make sure that all transformations are understood by doctors, and it will be even more difficult for our patients because nothing can ever come from nowhere, and each triumph is usually associated with a loss. […].”
If these words were used in the context of the reformation of the health system in 2019, it could be suggested that the year 1989 is not at all far away, and the situation has slightly changed only on the level of the “euro-repairs” in medical establishments.
Thematically, the 1st edition was adapted to both specialists and, despite the clear definition of the audience, all interested parties. In some ways, it was logical because the time of “
What might seem like “the embodiment of boredom” in 1989, could prove interesting to read in
The visual presentation of No.1 as a whole (particularly the presentation of sections with
No.2 – though how without sex
With respect to the design and content, No.2 continues the style of No.1, providing a variety of topics for readers of different levels of knowledge. Therefore, attracting the readers to the “world of doctors” but there is a difference as well. A “theme of the edition” has been selected. In this case, two themes at once. One of them – “Paediatrics” – with seven articles. This time, however, the thematic diversity would not be able to make-up for the complexity (perhaps only Ilmars Lazovskis’s article “About Children”), and it would most likely be difficult for “simple” Soviet parents to perceive and understand Petrs Kaltens and Vitauts Baculis’s article on “Tackling the Infections of the Urinary Tract” and Gaida Preimane’s article “Childhood Leucosis”. Ivars Ebels and Vija Svabe’s article “Topical Pulmonary Health Problems of Children in Latvia” and Inara Kalke’s article “The Prenatal Diagnosis of Hereditary Developmental Anomalies of the Fetus” are indeed texts that can be deciphered only by specialists.
The second “theme of No.2” is “Sexually Transmitted Diseases” with four articles, three of which are worth mentioning in 2019. Arturs Socnevs’s article “AIDS – Real Threats” (p. 44) not only describes the potential for HIV prevalence (it should be reminded that in 1989, the USSR and thus the Latvian inhabitants of the USSR traveled little or very little, hence contact with the US – the birthplace of HIV – was limited), but also mentions a number of issues that are still prevalent in Latvian society. Arturs Socnevs writes: “In order to prevent further spread of HIV infection in Latvia, it is necessary to increasingly develop scientific and practical immunology, epidemiology, narcology, sociology. These directions must be taken into account when compiling the new national health programme. […] For
The following article by Viesturs
Also, the 2nd issue offers sections “Medical Problems in the Age of Reconstruction” (p. 63) and “Medical Education” (topics that continue in 2019), “History of Medicine” (for example, the article by Juris Urtans “Galtene’s Sacred Spring”) and “Information” (the texts of which have already become a part of history).
No.3 – a little from everything
No.3 does not have a specific “theme of the edition”, nor is it “tolerant” to “ordinary people” – readers who could flip through the pages and find something interesting before buying the journal. This time, the focus is on “pure” science and the multifaceted specialization of medicine. The diversity of the articles makes you feel like in a “carousel” of medicine – from Vilis Purmelis and Vitalijs Zvirgzdins’ article “Obliterating Diseases of Lower Limb Arteries” (p. 10) and Ella Upmane and Anita Andrejeva’s article “Acute Appendicitis and Pregnancy” (p. 21), continuing with Dainis Gilis’s article “Thoughts on Treatment Options for Complicated Urosepsis Patients” (p. 38) and Janis Gilis’s article “Microsurgical Treatment of Men’s Infertility” (p. 39), concluding with Anna Nicmane’s “Salmonellosis Problem in Industrial Poultry Farming” (P. 97) and the article by Janis Vetra “Problems of Veterinary Pharmacy in Latvia” (p. 99).
Regardless of how unappealing and “elitist” the 3rd edition seemed at the time, it has its “gems”. Namely, the authors of the article “Casuistic Cases of Gastrointestinal Bleeding” (p. 46) are
No. 4 – the harsh reality of socialism
In No.4 the “theme of the edition” has “returned.” Similarly to No.2, in two blocks – “‘Latvijas ārsts’ in Cesis District” and “Stomatology”. As in No.2, articles are categorizedin sections. This time the most powerful is the new section “Theory and Practice” with 11 articles. However, there are “rebuilding” breezes – only two articles in “Medicine and Reconstruction” section, followed by “History of Medicine” with one article (the subject is also in the “ ‘Latvijas ārsts’ in Cesis District” section), and “Information” which in terms of units compensates for its minimal presence in the first three issues.
The section “’Latvijas ‘ā
“[…] We wanted to document the last and the departing age. In only a few years, Latvia will be in Europe. Latvia will work, thrive and prosper. Latvians will reap a rich harvest in the times of their land. There will come a moment when the small rural hospitals will become proud clinics where city dwellers will go for treatment not only
becauseofthe European equipment, opportunities, and medications just like in Riga but also because of the fresh air and rural peace. Meanwhile, we will be able to flip through the magazines of Latvian Medical Association’s years of rebirth and wonder: how could we work in such conditions and with such means? ” (P. 10)
Indeed, how could people live under such circumstances for years? Illustrative material about hospitals of that time in Ligatne (p. 14), Rauna (p. 16) and Vecpiebalga (p. 18) is harsh because the photographs are black and white, and also because they depict the reality of the years of “building” socialism – the pretense that everything was fine – was over. In a way, the photographs from 1989 are like “lifting the curtains”, revealing the long-known truth that “the king is naked”. But who didn’t know it at the time?
The “theme of the edition” in “Stomatology” section, offers material that’s most likely to capture the interest of specialists – Irena
Regardless of how exciting the travel in time offered by No.4 is, the “key” is the advertisement published on the cover of No.3. As clearly indicated by the text, this time it can truly be perceived as an ad: “If you have decided to buy
In 1989, four issues of the magazine “Latvijas ārsts” were published, which sought to be accepted by not
To see more illustrations, follow this link: https://www.facebook.com/notes/1438154486323639
The text was created thanks to the cooperativeness of the librarians of Riga Stradins University Library – the opportunity to get acquainted with the copies of the collection. Special thanks to Iveta Berzina for her support in the preparation of illustrative material.
Editorial board and authors of articles in 2019
Editorial board of No.1:
- Ilmars Lazovskis (1931 – 2003) – the name lives on in “Ilmars Lazovskis’s Memorial Scholarship”;
- Peteris Apinis – editor-in-chief of the magazine “Latvijas ārsts”, Chairman of the Commission of Ethics of Latvian Medical Association;
- Maris Baltins – Head of the State Language Centre;
- Arnis Viksna (1942 – 2018) – a long-time specialist at Pauls Stradins’ Museum for Medical History, the name lives on in books on medical history;
- Janis Vetra – former Rector of Riga Stradins University, Professor of Faculty of Medicine, Riga Stradins University, Chairman of Council Of Higher Education.
- Jazeps Basko – Member of the Board of the Latvian Medical Association and Chairman of the Trade Council;
- Viesturs Liguts – Associate Professor of the Faculty of Medicine, Riga Stradins University;
- Inguna Ebela – Associate Professor of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Latvia, author of the book “Ebels’ Family and Pediatrics in Latvia”;
- Juris Urtans – Professor of Latvian Academy of Culture, author of books on archeology;
- Aris Lacis – Professor of Riga Stradins University;
- Dainis Gilis – doctor of several clinics (urologist);
- Valdis Gilis – doctor (plastic surgeon, pediatric surgeon), president of Latvian Association of Aesthetic Laser Surgery;
- Janis Gilis – doctor (plastic surgeon), founder of “Dr.Gilis’ private clinic”, president of Latvian Plastic Surgeons Association;
- Ilga Urtane – former Dean of the Faculty of Dentistry and Professor of Dentistry of Riga Stradins University;
- Janis Liepins – publicist, writer;
- Viktors Jaksons – President of the Latvian Red Cross.
- Žurnāls “Latvijas ārsts”, 1989.gads, Nr.1, 1./4.vāks.
- Žurnāls “Latvijas ārsts”, 1989.gads, Nr.1, 48./49.lpp.
- Žurnāls “Latvijas ārsts”, 1989.gads, Nr.1, 100./101.lpp.
- Žurnāls “Latvijas ārsts”, 1989.gads, Nr.3, 78./79.lpp.
- Žurnāls “Latvijas ārsts”, 1989.gads, Nr.4, 3.vāks.